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Government borrowing costs hit highest level for almost three years as investors bet interest rates will rise again in less than four weeks










Government borrowing costs have hit their highest level for almost three years as investors bet interest rates will rise again in less than four weeks. 

The yield on two-year UK bonds – a key measure of what the state pays to borrow – rose as high as 0.831 per cent while the five-year gilt yield hit 0.988 per cent. That was the highest level since March 2019. 

Expectation: Investors are betting interest rates will rise again in less than four weeks

Expectation: Investors are betting interest rates will rise again in less than four weeks

The benchmark ten-year gilt yield rose to 1.17 per cent, the highest since October. 

The rise in bond yields has been driven by expectations that soaring inflation will lead to higher interest rates in Britain and the US. 

The Bank of England raised rates from 0.1 per cent to 0.25 per cent in December, the first increase in three years. 

Financial markets are pricing in a 70 per cent chance that the Bank will raise rates again, to 0.5 per cent, on February 3 after the next meeting of the Monetary Policy Committee.

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American inflation at highest level since 1982 under Reagan sparking fears it could push up costs in UK










The cost of living in the US is rising at the fastest pace for 40 years.

Inflation hit 7 per cent in December – the highest level since June 1982 when Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan were in power and Madness was top of the charts with House of Fun.

Price rises in the US will come as a worry to other countries, including the UK, which are closely intertwined with the world’s largest economy. 

Inflation hit 7% in December – the highest level since June 1982 when Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan (pictured) were in power and Madness was top of the charts with House of Fun

Inflation hit 7% in December – the highest level since June 1982 when Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan (pictured) were in power and Madness was top of the charts with House of Fun

They could push up costs elsewhere, especially for businesses which import goods from the US.

Most of the jump in inflation has been through energy bills. The pandemic has caused shortages of fuel across Europe and Asia, prompting prices to soar.

But household furniture, clothing, cars and medical care prices rose too. Food prices have jumped by 6.3 per cent over the past year. 

Economists now worry that red-hot inflation could hold back the economic recovery and trigger interest rate rises.

Paul Ashworth, chief economist at Capital Economics, said: ‘Overall, this is every bit as bad as we expected.’

Inflation surprised Federal Reserve officials. 

The central bank’s chairman, Jerome Powell, told Congress this week that constraints in supply chains had been ‘very persistent and very durable’. 

He added: ‘We’re not seeing the kind of progress we thought we would see by now.’

The data will stoke expectations that the Fed will begin to hike interest rates this year, to bring down prices by encouraging people to save rather than spend.

Economists are expecting the central bank to hike rates up to four times this year, beginning in March.

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